of the paranasal sinuses
Endoscopic sinus surgery is most often performed on patients who suffer from chronic sinusitis (CRS).
CRS symptoms include headache, nasal discharge, nasal congestion, and smell disorders. CRS therapy ought to be started with pharmacological treatment, and then – if the patient’s clinical condition does not improve – surgery ought to be considered.
The scope of endoscopic surgery depends on the patient’s ailments and the extent of changes in computed tomography. The possible surgery range is:
- Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery – FESS,
- the full house FESS,
- Endoscopic frontal sinus surgery: from ballooning to surgery requiring the use of a drill – Draf IIb, III.